Standards in this Framework
|Use the basic steps in algorithmic problem-solving to design solutions (e.g., problem statement and exploration, examination of sample instances, design, implementing a solution, testing, and evaluation).
|Describe the process of parallelization as it relates to problem-solving.
|Define an algorithm as a sequence of instructions that can be processed by a computer.
|Evaluate ways that different algorithms may be used to solve the same problem.
|Act out searching and sorting algorithms.
|Describe and analyze a sequence of instructions being followed (e.g., describe a character’s behavior in a video game as driven by rules and algorithms).
|Represent data in a variety of ways including text, sounds, pictures, and numbers.
|Use visual representations of problem states, structures, and data (e.g., graphs, charts, network diagrams, flowcharts).
|Interact with content-specific models and simulations (e.g., ecosystems, epidemics, molecular dynamics) to support learning and research.
|Evaluate what kinds of problems can be solved using modeling and simulation.
|Analyze the degree to which a computer model accurately represents the real world.
|Use abstraction to decompose a problem into sub problems.
|Understand the notion of hierarchy and abstraction in computing including high level languages, translation, instruction set, and logic circuits.
|Examine connections between elements of mathematics and computer science including binary numbers, logic, sets and functions.
|Provide examples of interdisciplinary applications of computational thinking.
|Apply productivity/multimedia tools and peripherals to group collaboration and support learning throughout the curriculum.
|Collaboratively design, develop, publish, and present products (e.g., videos, podcasts, websites) using technology resources that demonstrate and communicate curriculum concepts.
|Use collaborative practices such as pair programming, working in project teams, and participating in group active learning activities.
|Demonstrate characteristics necessary for collaboration: providing useful feedback, integrating feedback, understanding and accepting multiple perspectives, socialization.
|Select appropriate tools and technology resources to accomplish a variety of tasks and solve problems.
|Use a variety of multimedia tools and peripherals to support personal productivity and learning throughout the curriculum.
|Design, develop, publish, and present products (e.g., webpages, mobile applications, animations) using technology resources that demonstrate and communicate curriculum concepts.
|Demonstrate an understanding of algorithms and their practical application.
|Implement problem solutions using a programming language, including: looping behavior, conditional statements, logic, expressions, variables, and functions.
|Demonstrate good practices in personal information security, using passwords, encryption, and secure transactions.
|Identify interdisciplinary careers that are enhanced by computer science.
|Demonstrate characteristics used in open ended problem-solving and programming (e.g., comfort with complexity, persistence, brainstorming, adaptability, patience, propensity to tinker, creativity, accepting challenge).
|Collect and analyze data that is output from multiple runs of a computer program.
|Recognize that computers are devices that execute programs.
|Identify a variety of electronic devices that contain computational processors.
|Demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between hardware and software.
|Use developmentally appropriate, accurate terminology when communicating about technology.
|Apply strategies for identifying and solving routine hardware problems that occur during everyday computer use.
|Describe the major components and functions of computer systems and networks.
|Describe what distinguishes humans from machines focusing on human intelligence versus machine intelligence and ways we can communicate.
|Describe ways in which computers use models of intelligent behavior (e.g., robot motion, speech and language understanding, and computer vision).
|Demonstrate legal and ethical behaviors when using information and technology and discuss the consequences of misuse.
|Demonstrate knowledge of changes in information technologies over time and the effects those changes have on education, the workplace, and society.
|Analyze the positive and negative impacts of computing on human culture.
|Evaluate the accuracy, relevance, appropriateness, comprehensiveness, and bias of electronic information sources concerning real-world problems.