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Standards Framework

for Virginia Cybersecurity Fundamentals


Standards in this Framework

Standard Description
1 Demonstrate creativity and innovation.
2 Demonstrate critical thinking and problem solving.
3 Demonstrate initiative and self-direction.
4 Demonstrate integrity.
5 Demonstrate work ethic.
6 Demonstrate conflict-resolution skills.
7 Demonstrate listening and speaking skills.
8 Demonstrate respect for diversity.
9 Demonstrate customer service skills.
10 Collaborate with team members.
11 Demonstrate big-picture thinking.
12 Demonstrate career- and life-management skills.
13 Demonstrate continuous learning and adaptability.
14 Manage time and resources.
15 Demonstrate information-literacy skills.
16 Demonstrate an understanding of information security.
17 Maintain working knowledge of current information-technology (IT) systems.
18 Demonstrate proficiency with technologies, tools, and machines common to a specific occupation.
19 Apply mathematical skills to job-specific tasks.
20 Demonstrate professionalism.
21 Demonstrate reading and writing skills.
22 Demonstrate workplace safety.
23 Examine aspects of planning within an industry/organization.
24 Examine aspects of management within an industry/organization.
25 Examine aspects of financial responsibility within an industry/organization.
26 Examine technical and production skills required of workers within an industry/organization.
27 Examine principles of technology that underlie an industry/organization.
28 Examine labor issues related to an industry/organization.
29 Examine community issues related to an industry/organization.
30 Examine health, safety, and environmental issues related to an industry/organization.
31 Identify the purposes and goals of the student organization.
32 Explain the benefits and responsibilities of membership in the student organization as a student and in professional/civic organizations as an adult.
33 Demonstrate leadership skills through participation in student organization activities, such as meetings, programs, and projects.
34 Identify Internet safety issues and procedures for complying with acceptable use standards.
35 Identify the types of work-based learning (WBL) opportunities.
36 Reflect on lessons learned during the WBL experience.
37 Explore career opportunities related to the WBL experience.
38 Participate in a WBL experience, when appropriate.
39 Describe Cybersecurity
40 Define information assurance
41 Describe the critical factors of information security
42 Explain cybersecurity services as they relate to intrusion prevention capabilities that protect systems against unauthorized access, exploitation, and data exfiltration
43 Define risk
44 Identify the concepts of cybersecurity risk management
45 Describe cybersecurity threats to an organization
46 Explain why organizations need to manage risk
47 Discuss national or industry standards/regulations that relate to cybersecurity
48 Describe the cyberattack surface of various organizations
49 Analyze risks affecting critical infrastructure
50 Describe a network
51 Describe a wired/cabled network
52 Describe a wireless network
53 Compare cabled/wired and wireless networks
54 Compare networking conceptual models
55 Discuss services, their relationship to the OSI model, and potential vulnerabilities
56 Differentiate among network types
57 Examine the concept of the Internet as a network of connected systems
58 Identify networking protocols
59 Describe the difference between a cyber threat and a vulnerability
60 Describe types of cyber threats
61 Analyze types of current cyber threats
62 Identify the perpetrators of different types of malicious hacking
63 Describe the characteristics of vulnerabilities
64 Identify the prevention of and protection against cyber threats
65 Identify the cyber risks associated with bring your own device (BYOD) opportunities on computer networks
66 Differentiate between ethics and laws
67 Distinguish among types of ethical concerns
68 Define cyberbullying
69 Identify actions that constitute cyberbullying
70 Identify possible warning signs of someone being cyberbullied
71 Identify laws applicable to cybersecurity
72 Explain the concept of “personally identifiable information”
73 Explain how and why personal data is valuable to both an individual and to the organizations (e.g., governments, businesses) that collect it, analyze it, and make decisions based on it
74 Identify ways to control and protect personal data
75 Demonstrate net etiquette (netiquette) as it relates to cybersecurity
76 Analyze the social and legal significance of the ongoing collection of personal digital information
77 Distinguish between data, information, and knowledge
78 Identify the most common ways data is collected
79 Identify the most common ways data can be stored
80 Explain the difference between data at rest, data in transit, and data being processed
81 Identify the most common ways data is used
82 Discuss how data can be compromised, corrupted, or lost
83 Explain how businesses and individuals can protect themselves against threats to their data (e.g., firewalls, encryption, disabling, backups, permissions)
84 Define the function of a computer operating system
85 Identify the components of an operating system
86 List types of operating systems
87 Evaluate the potential vulnerabilities, threats, and common exploits to an operating system
88 Identify best practices for protecting operating systems
89 Describe the concept of malware and techniques to guard against it
90 Evaluate critical operating system security parameters
91 Describe security and auditing logs
92 Describe the role of a system backup
93 Define virtualization technology
94 Identify advantages and disadvantages of using virtual machines
95 Define programming in the context of cybersecurity
96 Differentiate between computer programming languages
97 Evaluate common programming flaws that lead to vulnerabilities
98 Identify best practices in secure coding and design
99 Identify ubiquitous computing
100 Discuss security and privacy implications of ubiquitous computing
101 Research career opportunities for cybersecurity professionals
102 Identify the educational pathways for emerging cybersecurity professionals
103 Identify the educational pathways for emerging cybersecurity professionals
104 Identify career paths and job titles within the cybersecurity/cyber forensics industry and Career Clusters
105 Research the cyber threats and security measures related to career pathways
106 Identify testing skills/strategies for a certification examination
107 Describe the process and requirements for obtaining industry certifications related to the Cybersecurity Fundamentals course
108 Demonstrate the ability to complete selected practice examinations (e.g., practice questions similar to those on certification exams)
109 Successfully complete an industry certification examination representative of skills learned in this course (e.g., Microsoft, IC3, CompTIA)