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Standards Framework

for California 9-12


Standards in this Framework

Standard Description
9-12.AP.12 Design algorithms to solve computational problems using a combination of original and existing algorithms.
9-12.AP.13 Create more generalized computational solutions using collections instead of repeatedly using simple variables.
9-12.AP.14 Justify the selection of specific control structures by identifying tradeoffs associated with implementation, readability, and performance.
9-12.AP.15 Iteratively design and develop computational artifacts for practical intent, personal expression, or to address a societal issue by using events to initiate instructions.
9-12.AP.16 Decompose problems into smaller subproblems through systematic analysis, using constructs such as procedures, modules, and/or classes.
9-12.AP.17 Create computational artifacts using modular design.
9-12.AP.18 Systematically design programs for broad audiences by incorporating feedback from users.
9-12.AP.19 Explain the limitations of licenses that restrict use of computational artifacts when using resources such as libraries.
9-12.AP.20 Iteratively evaluate and refine a computational artifact to enhance its performance, reliability, usability, and accessibility.
9-12.AP.21 Design and develop computational artifacts working in team roles using collaborative tools.
9-12.AP.22 Document decisions made during the design process using text, graphics, presentations, and/or demonstrations in the development of complex programs.
9-12.CS.1 Describe ways in which abstractions hide the underlying implementation details of computing systems to simplify user experiences.
9-12.CS.2 Compare levels of abstraction and interactions between application software, system software, and hardware.
9-12.CS.3 Develop guidelines that convey systematic troubleshooting strategies that others can use to identify and fix errors.
9-12.DA.10 Create data visualizations to help others better understand real-world phenomena.
9-12.DA.11 Refine computational models to better represent the relationships among different elements of data collected from a phenomenon or process.
9-12.DA.8 Translate between different representations of data abstractions of real-world phenomena, such as characters, numbers, and images.
9-12.DA.9 Describe ​​tradeoffs​ associated with​ ​how​ ​data elements​ ​are​ ​organized​​ and ​stored.
9-12.IC.23 Evaluate the ways computing impacts personal, ethical, social, economic, and cultural practices.
9-12.IC.24 Identify impacts of bias and equity deficit on design and implementation of computational artifacts and apply appropriate processes for evaluating issues of bias.
9-12.IC.25 Demonstrate ways a given algorithm applies to problems across disciplines.
9-12.IC.26 Study, discuss, and think critically about the potential impacts and implications of emerging technologies on larger social, economic, and political structures, with evidence from credible sources.
9-12.IC.27 Use collaboration tools and methods to increase connectivity with people of different cultures and careers.
9-12.IC.28 Explain the beneficial and harmful effects that intellectual property laws can have on innovation.
9-12.IC.29 Explain the privacy concerns related to the collection and generation of data through automated processes.
9-12.IC.30 Evaluate the social and economic implications of privacy in the context of safety, law, or ethics.
9-12.NI.4 Describe issues that impact network functionality.
9-12.NI.5 Describe the design characteristics of the Internet.
9-12.NI.6 Compare and contrast security measures to address various security threats.
9-12.NI.7 Compare and contrast cryptographic techniques to model the secure transmission of information.